Fan Coil Unit

A Fan Coil Unit (FCU) provides heating and/or cooling via a heat exchanger (the coil) and fan (see example image below). Hot and/or cold water is circulated through a coil within the FCU with a fan passing air across the coil and into the space that is to be temperature controlled.

These units can be found in a number of diverse applications including offices, residential apartments, hospitals, hotels and schools. The FCU heat output is controlled using a control valve linked to the room via a thermostat. This in turn would be connected to a Building Management System (BMS), which controls the throughput of water to the heat exchanger.

As the energy output from the FCU is of a parabolic shape, an equal percentage (EQ%) control characteristic is provided by the control valve, which in turn will provide a linear response (see graph below). FCUs can be provided as a 2 pipe solution (either heating or chilled) or more commonly as a 4 pipe solution (heating and cooling).

 

Recommended Solutions

Crane FS has a number of applicable solutions available for this type of terminal. See examples below.

PICV has become the preferred solution for many designers and installers in recent years. However, the option of using the traditional DPCV method is still available and can suit certain applications.

Option 1

Pressure Independent Control Valve (PICV)

  • PICV
    Stand Alone

    • Easy to set up
    • Straightforward commissioning
    • No need for separate Commissioning Set and 2 Port Control Valve
  • Dominator
    w/ PICV

    • Can be remotely fitted away from the terminal
    • Reduced space constraints
    • Extended levers available for chilled systems
  • Dominator PRO
    w/ PICV

    • Direct mounting onto a terminal
    • Reduced installation time
    • No need for insulation due to mounting over drip tray
  • CommPac
    w/ PICV

    • Multi-manifold system allowing commissioning of up to 6 FCUs from one location

FCU
FCU with PICV


 

Option 2

Differential Pressure Control Valve (DPCV)

  • DPCV
    Stand Alone

    • Range of controllable dPs available
    • Available with Companion Valve
  • Dominator
    w/ Comm. Set

    • Available with either static Commissioning Set or Motobalance
    • Available with Strainer
    • Extended levers available for chilled systems
  • Dominator PRO
    w/ Comm. Set

    • Direct mounting onto terminal
    • Reduced installation time
    • No need for insulation due to mounting over drip tray
  • CommPac
    w/ DPCV

    • Multi-manifold system allowing commissioning of up to six FCUs from one location
    • Commissioning Sets on each terminal connection


Grouped FCUs protected by a single DPCV